WHITE VINE VARIETIES
The Gouveio vine variety is grown in the Douro region, where it is also known as Verdelho. For this reason, it is often confused with the Verdelho vine variety grown in the Azores and Madeira. It is a vine variety with good maturity standards and a high production level. It produces medium-sized compact grape clusters with small yellow-green coloured grapes.
Wines made from Gouveio obtain an excellent balance between acidity and sugar and are characterized by their high alcoholic content, good structure and intense aromas. Moreover, they are wines that possess excellent conditions for in-bottle aging.
Malvasia Fina is essentially planted in the inland north of Portugal, in the Douro region and in the Távora-Varosa sub region. This vine variety is characterized as being of consistent production and produces medium-sized grape clusters and grape berries.
Malvasia Fina produces wines with moderate acidity and delicate and simple aromas and flavors.
The Muscat vine variety is originally from the Middle East and was introduced in Portugal at the time of the Roman Empire. It has undergone many transformations over the centuries and currently there are three varieties of Muscat in Portugal.
This vine variety is essential in the elaboration of the famous, fortified wine "Moscatel do Douro", produced in the Douro region, in the area of Favaios and Alijó. The white variety, Moscatel Galego, is also used to enrich the aromas of other white wines of the region, since it is a primary variety and, as such, it marks the taste and aroma of the wines.
The Viosinho vine variety is only grown in the Douro and Tras-os-Montes regions, where it has been used since the nineteenth century. It is considered a variety of good quality and suitable for the production of table wine and Port wine.
Viosinho produces small grape clusters and grape berries that mature early and are very sensitive to putridity. This vine variety develops best in undry soils.
This vine variety produces fresh, well-structured wines with complex floral aromas. Usually they are also spirited and able to keep well in bottles for some years.
Códega do Larinho
The grape clusters are large and compact, with medium-sized, rounded grape berries that are yellowish in color, with a moderately thick pellicle, juicy pulp and specific flavor. It is a medium duration maturing variety and its must has medium alcoholic potential and low acidity.
It produces citrus-colored wine with very complex aromas, intensely fruity (tropical fruits) and floral.
RED VINE VARIETY
The Tinta Barroca vine variety is grown almost exclusively in the Douro region and is frequently used to produce blended wines. It is one of the varieties that make up some Port wines. Tinta Barroca is quite popular among wine producers, as it is easy to grow and very productive. It is a very consistent vine variety in terms of production and is resistant to diseases and pests. In addition, it has a precocious maturation and its sugar filled grape berries produce wines with high alcohol content.
The wines produced from the Tinta Barroca vine variety are easy to drink and present suave tannins to the palate.
Touriga Franca / Touriga Francesa
Touriga Franca is one of the most planted vine varieties in the Douro and Tras-os-Montes regions. It is considered to be one of the best varieties for the production of Porto and Douro wines. The Touriga Franca has consistent productions throughout the year and is quite resistant to diseases.
Its grape clusters are medium or large with rounded medium-sized grape berries.
Wines produced from this variety have an intense colour and are very fruity. In Port wines, Touriga Franca is part of lots which include Tinta Roriz and Touriga Nacional.
It is a noble and highly appreciated vine variety in Portugal. In the Douro region, it is widely used in the production of Port wine. Recently, producers have discovered the value of Touriga Nacional in the production of red table wines.
It is a vine variety with a small production capability, as it produces abundant but small grape clusters. The grape berries have a high concentration of sugar, colour and flavors.
The wines produced or blended with Touriga Nacional are quite balanced, spirited and with good aging capacity.
Aragonez / Tinta Roriz
The Aragonez is one of the best known vine varieties of the Iberian Peninsula. Originally from Spain, where it is called "Tempranillo", it is also known as Tinta Roriz in the Douro region. It is very adaptable to different climates and soil varieties. For the Aragonez vine variety characteristics to be excellent, its production has to be controlled. The ideal conditions are sandy and clay-limestone soils in hot, dry climates, so that production is limited and grape berries are more concentrated.
This vine variety produces high alcohol content wines with low acidity and indicated for aging, as they are very resistant to oxidation.